2016 tables: Countries/territories - chemistry

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

Table criteria

# Country/territory Share 2015 Count 2015
1 United States of America (USA) 5,535.53 6,922
2 China 4,405.90 5,349
3 Germany 1,695.00 2,418
4 Japan 1,472.77 1,831
5 United Kingdom (UK) 1,096.01 1,665
6 France 689.90 1,097
7 South Korea 652.50 903
8 Canada 510.95 706
9 India 492.07 601
10 Spain 488.40 804
11 Switzerland 413.17 645
12 Australia 333.49 531
13 Singapore 305.15 465
14 Italy 289.25 497
15 Netherlands 262.88 454
16 Taiwan 227.01 312
17 Sweden 185.27 306
18 Israel 168.95 244
19 Belgium 116.46 217
20 Denmark 103.92 203
21 Russia 93.82 203
22 Austria 87.59 158
23 Poland 84.92 166
24 Czech Republic 74.24 131
25 Saudi Arabia 72.84 256
26 Finland 59.76 127
27 Ireland 55.94 108
28 Brazil 50.54 107
29 Portugal 46.78 96
30 New Zealand 35.11 56
31 Turkey 28.99 61
32 Greece 28.77 59
33 Hungary 23.90 59
34 Mexico 20.71 40
35 Argentina 17.79 38
36 South Africa 15.39 33
37 Norway 14.86 37
38 Iran 14.31 32
39 Slovenia 11.46 27
40 Ukraine 8.90 25
41 Romania 8.64 23
42 Thailand 7.82 25
43 Cyprus 6.12 9
44 United Arab Emirates 5.76 12
45 Slovakia 5.11 11
46 Estonia 5.10 13
47 Chile 4.83 10
48 Egypt 4.73 41
49 Croatia 4.39 12
50 Qatar 4.21 19

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.