2016 tables: Countries/territories

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

Table criteria

# Country/territory Share 2015 Count 2015
1 Germany 4,682.20 8,301
2 United Kingdom (UK) 3,807.94 7,344
3 France 2,440.66 4,858
4 Switzerland 1,348.57 2,950
5 Spain 1,205.47 2,642
6 Italy 1,183.33 2,632
7 Netherlands 869.66 2,118
8 Sweden 661.59 1,578
9 Belgium 416.51 1,057
10 Russia 388.36 1,151
11 Denmark 373.80 1,050
12 Austria 321.49 901
13 Poland 248.56 769
14 Finland 222.94 649
15 Czech Republic 161.02 573
16 Norway 152.89 564
17 Portugal 144.34 497
18 Ireland 128.03 434
19 Greece 104.04 408
20 Hungary 90.35 341
21 Slovenia 47.31 214
22 Ukraine 32.94 205
23 Romania 27.43 212
24 Iceland 23.92 78
25 Croatia 20.57 150
26 Estonia 18.42 128
27 Cyprus 16.82 74
28 Serbia 16.15 164
29 Slovakia 13.10 137
30 Bulgaria 10.47 84
31 Lithuania 9.83 68
32 Luxembourg 9.32 36
33 Latvia 4.93 12
34 Belarus 4.41 131
35 Monaco 2.59 8
36 Moldova 2.08 15
37 Malta 1.95 6
38 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.61 8
39 Liechtenstein 0.50 1
40 Albania 0.34 2
41 Faroe Islands 0.26 2
42 Macedonia 0.16 3
43 Vatican City State (Holy See) 0.13 3
44 San Marino 0.13 1
45 Montenegro 0.06 5

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.