2016 tables: Countries/territories

Table criteria

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

2015 Country/territory FC 2015
1 United States of America (USA) 20833.81
2 China 7681.96
3 Germany 4666.18
4 United Kingdom (UK) 3863.63
5 Japan 3418.27
6 France 2434.66
7 Canada 1785.82
8 South Korea 1423.82
9 Switzerland 1349.62
10 Australia 1219.61
11 Spain 1197.52
12 Italy 1187.74
13 India 952.86
14 Netherlands 864.53
15 Sweden 660.2
16 Israel 615.72
17 Singapore 591.08
18 Taiwan 500.26
19 Belgium 419.4
20 Russia 388.33
21 Denmark 375.31
22 Austria 320.51
23 Poland 247.86
24 Brazil 240.12
25 Finland 221.34
26 Czech Republic 160.44
27 Norway 155.41
28 Portugal 141.66
29 New Zealand 133.05
30 Ireland 128.26
31 Saudi Arabia 123.73
32 Greece 107.77
33 Argentina 97.39
34 Chile 97.34
35 Hungary 88.76
36 Turkey 84.41
37 Mexico 80.88
38 South Africa 75.7
39 Iran 69.3
40 Slovenia 47.3
41 Ukraine 32.82
42 Thailand 32.6
43 Romania 27.71
44 Iceland 23.85
45 Pakistan 23.71
46 Croatia 20.55
47 Colombia 17.66
48 Estonia 17.47
49 Serbia 17.13
50 United Arab Emirates 15.76

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 7 June 2018 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

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