2015 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

Table criteria

The 2015 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2014.

2014 Institution WFC 2013 WFC 2014
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 405.46 408.05
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 342.55 343.26
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 351.54 299.23
4 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 208.6 212.85
5 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 226.66 212.36
6 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 218.19 210.69
7 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 193.02 202.15
8 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 185.52 195.87
9 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 166.68 184.25
10 University of California Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 134.12 147.54
11 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 130.15 137.42
12 University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 120.25 116.89
13 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 110.23 112.59
14 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 121.18 111.31
15 Peking University (PKU), China 104.63 111.15
16 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 124.91 108.85
17 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 96.42 106.92
18 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 101.66 103.78
19 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 114.06 102.63
20 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 103.17 101.54
21 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 96.91 98.45
22 Tsinghua University (TH), China 87.93 97.57
23 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 99.06 95.9
24 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 95.52 90.89
25 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 76.23 84.29
26 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 109.96 84.29
27 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 88.74 82.97
28 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 70.95 82.18
29 University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 95.74 81.6
30 Leibniz Association, Germany 81.31 78.89
31 Institute of Physics (IOP), CAS, China 71.92 77.78
32 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 83.58 76.54
33 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 93.99 76.23
34 Tohoku University, Japan 97.04 75.8
35 Kyoto University, Japan 89.75 75.72
36 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 62.06 75.22
37 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 73.82 74.3
38 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 70.87 72.88
39 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 66.47 72.74
40 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 63.82 72.32
41 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 77.8 71.15
42 Nanjing University (NJU), China 65.06 70.5
43 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 89.92 69.41
44 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 73.32 68.64
45 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 67.76 68.27
46 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 66.46 68.1
47 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 76.11 67.44
48 Osaka University, Japan 62.52 67.27
49 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 43.23 66.38
50 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 55.88 66.03
51 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 60.99 65.1
52 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 69.98 64.79
53 Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France 90.03 64.62
54 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 74.62 60.43
55 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), India 49.3 59.9
56 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 74.27 58.76
57 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 49.97 58.04
58 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 70.21 57.95
59 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 53.4 56.74
60 RIKEN, Japan 58.47 56.49
61 Fudan University, China 39.34 56.29
62 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 38.1 56.23
63 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 46.59 54.64
64 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 47.71 54.03
65 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 65.2 53.85
66 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 56.06 53.81
67 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 35.45 53.15
68 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 55.87 52.65
69 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 54.5 52.59
70 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 50.85 52.55
71 Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6, France 47.96 52.31
72 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 66.53 51.46
73 German Electron Synchrotron (DESY), Germany 44.03 51.18
74 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 71.96 50.98
75 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 56.33 50.72
76 The Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 42.79 50.58
77 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 49.64 50.04
78 Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU), Germany 57.01 49.03
79 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 39.45 49
80 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 64.83 48.46
81 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 35.65 48.1
82 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 40.38 47.92
83 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 60.33 47.91
84 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 43.71 46.57
85 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 42.77 46.14
86 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 48.57 45.9
87 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 48.67 43.81
88 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 42.31 43.6
89 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 45.65 43.28
90 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 46.59 42.74
91 University of Paris Sud (UPSud), France 46.64 42.72
92 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 24.48 42.07
93 University of Waterloo, Canada 31.93 42.05
94 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 46.43 41.73
95 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 39.04 40.94
96 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 35.96 40.55
97 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 38.17 39.69
98 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 34.64 39.65
99 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 32.8 39.44
100 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 48.9 39.03

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 30 August 2017 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

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