2016 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

2015 Institution WFC 2014 WFC 2015
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1306.98 1359.17
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 858.03 773.36
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 751.22 698.62
4 Max Planck Society, Germany 646.55 656.4
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 476.86 536.36
6 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 458.41 486.97
7 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 508.82 484.27
8 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 434.28 417.18
9 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 358.05 398.28
10 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 406.49 394.03
11 University of California Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 367.15 357.65
12 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 342.13 333.57
13 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 349.25 323.86
14 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 338.26 311.05
15 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 299.58 304.36
16 Peking University (PKU), China 296.24 302.37
17 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 303.94 298.56
18 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 269.55 276.03
19 Kyoto University, Japan 287.45 271.49
20 University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 262.86 270.24
21 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 258.2 267.43
22 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 261.55 261.27
23 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 260.5 258.53
24 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 253.73 257.16
25 Nanjing University (NJU), China 214.03 252.45
26 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 234.56 246.82
27 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 270.4 246.49
28 The Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 225.69 232.63
29 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 275.27 231.26
30 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 215.3 231.07
31 Tsinghua University (TH), China 210.64 230.82
32 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 223.32 223.75
33 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 207.83 223.56
34 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 234.86 216.05
35 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 195.7 214.23
36 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 204.91 209.49
37 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 201.6 208.21
38 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 241.53 201.89
39 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 210.51 199.56
40 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 158.19 194.75
41 Osaka University, Japan 220.19 193.88
42 University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 202.2 184.88
43 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 191.48 183.61
44 Fudan University, China 166.76 177.75
45 Tohoku University, Japan 179.77 177.07
46 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 196.58 173.03
47 University of California San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 186.95 172.87
48 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 214.17 169.69
49 Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU), Germany 182.11 166.18
50 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 166.92 165.16
51 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), India 175.64 162.59
52 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 164.15 161.9
53 McGill University, Canada 133.23 161.27
54 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 178.19 160.18
55 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 160.31 159.73
56 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 144.55 156.83
57 Leibniz Association, Germany 147.83 156.65
58 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 173.46 154.9
59 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 172.79 154.74
60 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 143.94 151.41
61 Nankai University (NKU), China 98.21 150.88
62 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 161.58 149.77
63 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 144.95 149.39
64 Institute of Chemistry (ICCAS), CAS, China 121.5 146.04
65 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 143.39 140.42
66 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 138.43 138.1
67 RIKEN, Japan 143.28 137.61
68 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 161.02 131.84
69 Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry (SIOC), CAS, China 114.06 131.32
70 University of California Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 170.14 131.05
71 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 129.62 129.05
72 Nagoya University, Japan 127.78 127.99
73 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 132.67 127.26
74 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 102.78 125.71
75 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 123.26 125.34
76 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 115.4 124.98
77 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 109.23 124.57
78 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 111.16 122
79 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 125.31 121.05
80 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 130.37 120.09
81 The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), United States of America (USA) 135.83 119.93
82 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 136.48 119.8
83 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 119.2 117.58
84 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 127.82 116.51
85 University of California Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 131.98 115.1
86 University of Würzburg, Germany 97.42 114.81
87 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 113.6 114.1
88 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 131.86 113.96
89 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 108.32 113.5
90 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 113.68 112.87
91 Xiamen University (XMU), China 98.2 112.49
92 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 119.74 111.91
93 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 120.92 111.51
94 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 148.52 109.4
95 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 106.15 109.36
96 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 98.52 108.12
97 Soochow University, China 95.07 107.94
98 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 117.42 106.7
99 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 117.93 106.17
100 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 111.15 105.44
101 Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France 114.89 104.61
102 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 89.64 103.81
103 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 100.63 103.78
104 Hokkaido University (Hokudai), Japan 100.55 103.08
105 Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6, France 98.57 102.73
106 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 84.39 101.06
107 Wuhan University (WHU), China 96.71 100.27
108 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 104.6 98.26
109 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 108.7 98.13
110 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 93.63 97.03
111 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 79.4 95.59
112 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 89.83 95.4
113 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 102.9 93.6
114 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 79.08 93.14
115 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 96.79 93.05
116 Monash University, Australia 103.2 92.97
117 University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 106.96 92.49
118 Hunan University (HNU), China 78.1 92.47
119 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 111.71 92.4
120 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 100.53 92.39
121 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 107.79 92.3
122 University of Göttingen, Germany 99.24 92.26
123 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 88.1 92.25
124 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 85.96 92.16
125 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 79.6 90.86
126 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 89.67 90.59
127 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 82.26 90.28
128 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 69.56 89.9
129 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 86.97 89.86
130 Institute of Physics (IOP), CAS, China 86.96 89.56
131 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 116.85 89.53
132 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 81.35 89.42
133 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 110.44 89.4
134 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 87.89 89.33
135 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 88.98 88.73
136 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 70.4 88.55
137 University of California Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 94.86 87.7
138 Jilin University (JLU), China 104.93 86.54
139 Lund University (LU), Sweden 79.75 85.82
140 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 63.06 85.52
141 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 94.06 85.45
142 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 76.89 85.36
143 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 80.3 85.36
144 Kyushu University, Japan 100.77 84.84
145 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 97.18 84.77
146 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 71.47 84.65
147 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 83.17 83.9
148 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 96.54 83.82
149 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 103.25 83.63
150 Sichuan University (SCU), China 92.64 83.22
151 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 86.69 82.89
152 Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry (CIAC), CAS, China 82.21 82.61
153 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 86.02 82.47
154 Yonsei University, South Korea 72.09 82.43
155 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 107.55 82.37
156 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 82.29 82.16
157 Leiden University, Netherlands 73.73 82.04
158 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 87.57 81.96
159 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 99.77 81.33
160 Stockholm University, Sweden 68 81.22
161 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 77 80.82
162 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 76.74 80.49
163 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 108.64 79.4
164 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 78.25 79.31
165 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 91.19 79.11
166 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), India 77.88 78.67
167 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 91.95 78.52
168 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 78.19 78.46
169 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 103.42 77.97
170 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 60.78 76.62
171 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 74.62 76.11
172 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 89.69 75.9
173 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 83.87 75.85
174 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 87.48 75.49
175 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 80.08 75.34
176 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 79.5 75.17
177 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 82.91 74.38
178 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 70.26 73.64
179 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 64.4 72.58
180 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 49.11 72.19
181 Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP), CAS, China 70.9 71.48
182 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 66.33 71.29
183 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 83.66 71.16
184 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 51.33 71.05
185 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 77.67 70.77
186 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 67.82 70.37
187 University of Paris Sud (UPSud), France 80.24 69.91
188 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 92.24 69.88
189 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 75.25 69.62
190 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 68.31 69.35
191 Shandong University (SDU), China 62.95 69.26
192 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 62.18 69.22
193 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 65.54 69.16
194 Iowa State University (ISU), United States of America (USA) 72.8 69.09
195 University of Waterloo, Canada 71.09 68.78
196 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 52.56 68.43
197 NIH National Cancer Institute (NCI), United States of America (USA) 65.96 68.1
198 University of California Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 71.06 67.55
199 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 58.78 67.24
200 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 70.37 67.24
201 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 66.08 65.81
202 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 61.7 65.66
203 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 77.71 65.35
204 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 64.22 64.79
205 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 82.46 64.69
206 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 52.76 64.47
207 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 70.55 64.4
208 Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (ASCR), Czech Republic 56.44 64.02
209 Tianjin University (TJU), China 41.79 64.02
210 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 59.75 63.95
211 Paris Diderot University (Paris 7), France 61.01 63.19
212 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 58.33 63.16
213 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 62.15 62.93
214 Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter (FJIRSM), CAS, China 63.79 62.69
215 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 43.95 62.46
216 University of Bern, Switzerland 55.35 62.3
217 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 81.42 61.45
218 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 57.33 60.95
219 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 71.85 60.67
220 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 56.59 60.56
221 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 67.83 60.23
222 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 68.23 59.2
223 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 72.89 58.94
224 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 59.28 58.8
225 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 71.78 58.41
226 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 64.09 57.83
227 University of Strasbourg, France 57.52 57.68
228 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 59.65 56.63
229 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 57.82 56.42
230 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 60.25 56.29
231 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 50.68 55.24
232 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 57.3 54.81
233 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 52.82 54.74
234 Keio University, Japan 45.45 54.3
235 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.56 54.27
236 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 50.99 54.22
237 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 57.17 53.89
238 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 65.31 53.56
239 Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences (SIBS), CAS, China 52.09 53.44
240 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 63.56 53.31
241 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 57.93 52.87
242 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 46.35 52.7
243 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 70.89 52.58
244 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 67.23 52.53
245 University at Buffalo (UB), The State University of New York, United States of America (USA) 48.42 52.2
246 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 57.47 52.13
247 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 45.77 52.12
248 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 50.9 51.72
249 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 69.72 51.44
250 University of Stuttgart, Germany 47.43 51.42
251 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 39.88 51.1
252 Colorado State University (CSU), United States of America (USA) 58.2 50.94
253 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 39.3 50.88
254 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 66.59 50.78
255 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 35.9 50.64
256 University of Vienna, Austria 54.78 50.61
257 Korea University (KU), South Korea 61.38 50.55
258 German Electron Synchrotron (DESY), Germany 51.95 50.41
259 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 28.88 50.31
260 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 51.39 50.17
261 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 43.7 50.16
262 Joseph Fourier University (UJF), France 64.19 50.1
263 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 50.76 50
264 Jülich Research Centre (FZJ), Germany 56.05 49.86
265 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 47.48 49.7
266 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 48.51 49.68
267 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 62.62 49.45
268 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 62.99 49.37
269 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 52.34 49.19
270 University of Tsukuba, Japan 53.73 48.61
271 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 48.37 48.57
272 Aalto University, Finland 45.95 48.39
273 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 48.96 48.27
274 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 52.67 48.18
275 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 54.12 47.93
276 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 34.14 47.42
277 University of Toulouse, France 45.8 46.83
278 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 44.03 46.7
279 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 33.01 46.55
280 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 39.69 46.54
281 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 29.64 46.53
282 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 47.74 46.45
283 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 41.26 46.12
284 University of Lyon, France 49.3 45.74
285 University of Helsinki, Finland 56.67 45.62
286 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 44.85 45.39
287 Southwest University (SWU), China 22.67 45.36
288 National Center for Nanoscience and Technology (NCNST), CAS, China 21.16 45.08
289 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 42.33 45.06
290 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 38.66 45.06
291 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 33.68 44.3
292 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 40.31 44.21
293 NIH National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), United States of America (USA) 41.69 43.91
294 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 41.02 43.83
295 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 53.55 43.69
296 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 52.98 43.57
297 McMaster University, Canada 51.31 43.37
298 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 52.74 43.18
299 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 44.92 43
300 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 48.89 42.97
301 Istituto Di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS), Italy 38.5 42.85
302 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 45.06 42.8
303 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), United States of America (USA) 43.64 42.49
304 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 40.72 42.32
305 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 43.05 42.15
306 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 39.01 42.08
307 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 37.11 41.87
308 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 39.14 41.49
309 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 36.3 41.39
310 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 41.4 41.38
311 MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, United Kingdom (UK) 44.66 41.32
312 University of Bordeaux, France 50.87 41.31
313 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 51.45 41.27
314 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 40.76 40.98
315 Wayne State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 43.01 40.84
316 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 33.88 40.8
317 Oregon State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 48.05 40.75
318 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 56.81 40.11
319 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 34.78 39.97
320 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 46.24 39.88
321 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 20.95 39.84
322 University of Montpellier, France 39.72 39.79
323 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 33.06 39.73
324 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 31.07 39
325 RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science (CEMS), Japan 28.41 38.95
326 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 40.87 38.93
327 Leipzig University, Germany 43.8 38.74
328 The University of Dublin, Ireland 37.23 38.37
329 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 35.34 38.31
330 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 41.18 38.31
331 University of Konstanz, Germany 35.54 38.14
332 Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P), Germany 36.46 38.01
333 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 52.22 37.9
334 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 32.52 37.86
335 University of Colorado Denver | Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 44.33 37.65
336 Southeast University (SEU), China 50.45 37.5
337 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 31.77 37.5
338 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 38.93 37.49
339 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 27.5 37.44
340 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 41.55 37.4
341 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 28.01 37.3
342 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 36.44 37.2
343 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 47.32 37.13
344 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 37.72 37.04
345 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 39.41 36.76
346 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 42.82 36.57
347 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 46.88 36.2
348 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 39.38 36.13
349 University of Rostock, Germany 30.63 36.12
350 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 24.32 36.11
351 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 28 35.68
352 Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF), Germany 33.98 35.36
353 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 48.83 35.35
354 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 49.69 35.17
355 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 46.52 35.09
356 Nanoscale Materials Division (MANA), NIMS, Japan 33.54 35
357 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 33.01 34.97
358 Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry (TIPC), CAS, China 31.87 34.86
359 Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HIPS), CAS, China 38.22 34.75
360 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 49.39 34.75
361 Queen's University, Canada 37.23 34.65
362 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 42.66 34.62
363 Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP), CAS, China 28.05 34.61
364 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 32.72 34.57
365 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 35.27 34.5
366 University of Sussex (US), United Kingdom (UK) 30.8 34.12
367 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 48.5 34
368 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 32.41 33.99
369 Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research (IFW Dresden), Germany 27.09 33.92
370 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 33.82 33.91
371 NIH National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), United States of America (USA) 32.48 33.7
372 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 43.14 33.63
373 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 39.56 33.57
374 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 40.23 33.44
375 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 44.58 33.28
376 Tongji University, China 46.03 33.27
377 Okayama University, Japan 24.16 33.21
378 Chongqing University (CQU), China 19.09 33.2
379 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.97 33.04
380 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 36.23 32.91
381 University of Hannover (LUH), Germany 33.51 32.8
382 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 38.37 32.55
383 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 35.92 32.52
384 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 29.07 32.39
385 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 34.13 32.37
386 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 30.97 32.3
387 Western University (UWO), Canada 40.73 32.14
388 Ulm University, Germany 31.1 32.12
389 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 30.34 32.03
390 Beihang University (BUAA), China 23.38 31.81
391 University of Otago, New Zealand 27.89 31.56
392 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 42.8 31.44
393 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 28.48 31.42
394 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 31.97 31.26
395 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 27.36 31.24
396 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 25.54 30.99
397 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 22 30.86
398 National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), CSIR, India 40.85 30.79
399 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 36.21 30.66
400 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 22.3 30.62
401 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 29.99 30.57
402 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 37.01 30.48
403 Waseda University, Japan 21.6 30.27
404 Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ), BIST, Spain 32.24 30.19
405 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 30.02 29.8
406 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 26.34 29.69
407 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 31.26 29.67
408 Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry (MPIBC), Germany 34.16 29.4
409 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 46.48 29.26
410 University of Potsdam, Germany 24.74 29.25
411 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 23.3 29.16
412 NIH Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), United States of America (USA) 22.55 29.11
413 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 38.13 29.07
414 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 27.51 28.91
415 Max Planck Institute for Coal Research (MPIKOFO), Germany 27.19 28.78
416 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 29.19 28.69
417 Pasteur Institute, France 29.78 28.56
418 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 29.13 28.49
419 Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (SB RAS), Russia 41.93 28.47
420 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 32.22 28.47
421 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 26.54 28.41
422 Shanghai University (SHU), China 31.87 28.3
423 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 37.72 28.29
424 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 34.54 28.27
425 Bielefeld University, Germany 23.53 28.16
426 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.84 28.1
427 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 26.7 27.96
428 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 34.58 27.95
429 Institute of Biophysics (IBP), CAS, China 19.36 27.79
430 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 28.34 27.79
431 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 24.13 27.71
432 EMBL - Heidelberg, Germany, Germany 25.97 27.53
433 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.58 27.47
434 German Cancer Research Center in the Helmholtz Association (DKFZ), Germany 28.38 27.3
435 Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 27.43 27.27
436 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 29.67 26.85
437 Laval University (UL), Canada 35.88 26.65
438 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 36.88 26.53
439 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 23.7 26.5
440 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 27.35 26.41
441 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 35.57 25.97
442 University of Missouri-Columbia (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 44.81 25.85
443 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 17.26 25.85
444 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 28.73 25.71
445 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 32.58 25.55
446 Darmstadt University of Technology (TU Darmstadt), Germany 32.55 25.5
447 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbGU), Russia 17.47 25.36
448 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 20.78 25.33
449 Dalhousie University, Canada 29.12 25.32
450 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 29.72 25.26
451 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 21.09 25.19
452 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 22.25 25.14
453 Kobe University, Japan 22.22 25.05
454 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 22.48 25.04
455 University of Crete (UOC), Greece 19.74 24.95
456 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 22.04 24.87
457 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 33.21 24.81
458 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 24.63 24.78
459 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 29.48 24.71
460 Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP), Germany 24.9 24.56
461 University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 33.77 24.54
462 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 24.96 24.44
463 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 26.77 24.42
464 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 31.35 24.25
465 Curtin University, Australia 19.28 24.16
466 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 24.83 24.16
467 International School for Advanced Studies (ISAS), Italy 26.32 24.15
468 Catholic University of Louvain (UCL), Belgium 27.89 24.12
469 Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics (LICP), CAS, China 20.61 24.12
470 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 28.25 23.97
471 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 23.85 23.91
472 Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society (FHI), Germany 16.54 23.85
473 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 29.04 23.76
474 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 26.52 23.64
475 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 42.83 23.62
476 École Polytechnique, France 24.85 23.61
477 Central South University (CSU), China 19.64 23.57
478 São Paulo State University (UNESP), Brazil 15.93 23.52
479 NIH National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), United States of America (USA) 28.42 23.5
480 National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), CAS, China 20.18 23.43
481 Changzhou University (CZU), China 14.83 23.43
482 Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO), BIST, Spain 31.8 23.31
483 Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin for Materials and Energy (HZB), Germany 21.17 23.25
484 Braunschweig University of Technology (TU Braunschweig), Germany 23.37 23.15
485 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 22.68 23.14
486 Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica (SIMM), CAS, China 29.39 23.06
487 Institute of Theoretical Physics (ITP), CAS, China 24.56 23.01
488 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 22.33 22.96
489 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 23.58 22.93
490 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 26.69 22.78
491 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 32 22.62
492 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 19.4 22.57
493 Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPI MPQ), Germany 15.29 22.45
494 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 34.17 22.39
495 Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems (MPIPKS), Germany 19.92 22.38
496 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 21.16 22.36
497 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 23.79 22.36
498 Netherlands Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM), Netherlands 20.33 22.34
499 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 23.75 22.26
500 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 37.38 22.06

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 28 November 2016 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

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