2015 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2015 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2014.

2014 Institution WFC 2013 WFC 2014
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1209.65 1306.98
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 851.84 858.03
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 708.12 751.22
4 Max Planck Society, Germany 723.62 646.55
5 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 511.19 508.82
6 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 482.24 476.86
7 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 471.92 458.41
8 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 418.53 434.28
9 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 403.24 406.49
10 University of California Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 362.23 367.15
11 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 381.98 358.05
12 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 275.52 349.25
13 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 391.75 342.13
14 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 347.34 338.26
15 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 289.59 303.94
16 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 345.11 299.58
17 Peking University (PKU), China 273.25 296.24
18 Kyoto University, Japan 313.16 287.45
19 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 247.07 275.27
20 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 280.52 270.4
21 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 257.39 269.55
22 University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 286.6 262.86
23 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 298.01 261.55
24 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 249.07 260.5
25 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 256.79 258.2
26 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 295.74 253.73
27 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 237.21 241.53
28 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 207.26 234.86
29 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 252.01 234.56
30 The Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 223.97 225.69
31 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 245.11 223.32
32 Osaka University, Japan 220.52 220.19
33 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 175.79 215.3
34 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 195.59 214.17
35 Nanjing University (NJU), China 196.59 214.03
36 Tsinghua University (TH), China 197.59 210.64
37 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 195.07 210.51
38 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 231.31 207.83
39 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 230.44 204.91
40 University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 197.2 202.2
41 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 187.41 201.6
42 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 192.05 196.58
43 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 194.58 195.7
44 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 150.42 191.48
45 University of California San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 222.2 186.95
46 Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU), Germany 168.96 182.11
47 Tohoku University, Japan 189.53 179.77
48 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 170.73 178.19
49 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), India 130.49 175.64
50 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 166.94 173.46
51 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 185.88 172.79
52 University of California Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 183.23 170.14
53 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 173.7 166.92
54 Fudan University, China 129.42 166.76
55 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 166.38 164.15
56 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 173.04 161.58
57 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 158.65 161.02
58 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 154.55 160.31
59 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 178.12 158.19
60 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 154.05 148.52
61 Leibniz Association, Germany 137.28 147.83
62 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 125.03 144.95
63 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 140.17 144.55
64 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 151.32 143.94
65 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 152.21 143.39
66 RIKEN, Japan 163.16 143.28
67 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 140.32 138.43
68 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 117.33 136.48
69 The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), United States of America (USA) 179.45 135.83
70 McGill University, Canada 136.69 133.23
71 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 131.75 132.67
72 University of California Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 147.3 131.98
73 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 150.44 131.86
74 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 106.61 130.37
75 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 147.83 129.62
76 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 110.14 127.82
77 Nagoya University, Japan 132.98 127.78
78 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 112.74 125.31
79 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 116.91 123.26
80 Institute of Chemistry (ICCAS), CAS, China 125.3 121.5
81 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 101.87 120.92
82 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 112.28 119.74
83 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 147.86 119.2
84 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 124.25 117.93
85 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 103.03 117.42
86 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 113.74 116.85
87 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 114.17 115.4
88 Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France 138.84 114.89
89 Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry (SIOC), CAS, China 105.18 114.06
90 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 118.03 113.68
91 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 127.48 113.6
92 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 119.25 111.71
93 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 106.16 111.16
94 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 107.87 111.15
95 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 69.72 110.44
96 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 105.84 109.23
97 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 95.05 108.7
98 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 108.44 108.64
99 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 137.44 108.32
100 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 102.57 107.79
101 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 96.01 107.55
102 University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 113.06 106.96
103 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 105.08 106.15
104 Jilin University (JLU), China 97.5 104.93
105 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 94.09 104.6
106 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 81.62 103.42
107 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 115.64 103.25
108 Monash University, Australia 94.43 103.2
109 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 102.02 102.9
110 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 103.94 102.78
111 Kyushu University, Japan 83.97 100.77
112 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 111.19 100.63
113 Hokkaido University (Hokudai), Japan 105.97 100.55
114 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 103.48 100.53
115 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 80.87 99.77
116 University of Göttingen, Germany 99.02 99.24
117 Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6, France 95.5 98.57
118 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 92.48 98.52
119 Nankai University (NKU), China 113.52 98.21
120 Xiamen University (XMU), China 76.02 98.2
121 University of Würzburg, Germany 95.78 97.42
122 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 95.59 97.18
123 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 74.7 96.79
124 Wuhan University (WHU), China 98.9 96.71
125 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 82.53 96.54
126 Soochow University, China 65.25 95.07
127 University of California Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 76.73 94.86
128 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 83.63 94.06
129 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 99.76 93.63
130 Sichuan University (SCU), China 76.83 92.64
131 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 104.72 92.24
132 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 88.29 91.95
133 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 69.8 91.19
134 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 94.73 89.83
135 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 79.01 89.69
136 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 91.97 89.67
137 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 79.43 89.64
138 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 71.21 88.98
139 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 94.11 88.1
140 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 78.76 87.89
141 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 78.37 87.57
142 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 77.52 87.48
143 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 84.54 86.97
144 Institute of Physics (IOP), CAS, China 77.08 86.96
145 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 105.17 86.69
146 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 77.59 86.02
147 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 76.37 85.96
148 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 86.78 84.39
149 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 71.57 83.87
150 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 80.21 83.66
151 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 65.56 83.17
152 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 96.75 82.91
153 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 78.1 82.46
154 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 86.83 82.29
155 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 86.58 82.26
156 Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry (CIAC), CAS, China 80.83 82.21
157 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 74.34 81.42
158 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 79.21 81.35
159 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 71.54 80.3
160 University of Paris Sud (UPSud), France 80.31 80.24
161 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 68.63 80.08
162 Lund University (LU), Sweden 70.64 79.75
163 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 80 79.6
164 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 80.6 79.5
165 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 67.95 79.4
166 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 82.39 79.08
167 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 73.26 78.25
168 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 87.17 78.19
169 Hunan University (HNU), China 54.64 78.1
170 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), India 58.72 77.88
171 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 74.17 77.71
172 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 67.82 77.67
173 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 84.04 77
174 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 80.29 76.89
175 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 83.42 76.74
176 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 76.22 75.25
177 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 54.6 74.62
178 Leiden University, Netherlands 73.07 73.73
179 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 72.6 72.89
180 Iowa State University (ISU), United States of America (USA) 78.94 72.8
181 Yonsei University, South Korea 61.62 72.09
182 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 63.4 71.85
183 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 72 71.78
184 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 70 71.47
185 University of Waterloo, Canada 61.31 71.09
186 University of California Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 58.2 71.06
187 Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP), CAS, China 61.9 70.9
188 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 59.46 70.89
189 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 62.05 70.55
190 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 56.75 70.4
191 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 87.26 70.37
192 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 79.46 70.26
193 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 56.91 69.72
194 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 82.29 69.56
195 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 67.47 68.31
196 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 60.69 68.23
197 Stockholm University, Sweden 71.51 68
198 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 69.15 67.83
199 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 67.56 67.82
200 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 52.51 67.23
201 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 42.98 66.59
202 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 78.38 66.33
203 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 66.81 66.08
204 NIH National Cancer Institute (NCI), United States of America (USA) 85.03 65.96
205 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 53.44 65.54
206 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 59.16 65.31
207 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 53.73 64.4
208 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 68.96 64.22
209 Joseph Fourier University (UJF), France 63.28 64.19
210 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 65.99 64.09
211 Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter (FJIRSM), CAS, China 59.54 63.79
212 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 55.4 63.56
213 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 53.33 63.56
214 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 71.27 63.06
215 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 63.71 62.99
216 Shandong University (SDU), China 39.18 62.95
217 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 50.03 62.62
218 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 57.98 62.18
219 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 63.2 62.15
220 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 59.41 61.7
221 Korea University (KU), South Korea 72.01 61.38
222 Paris Diderot University (Paris 7), France 51.5 61.01
223 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 74.61 60.78
224 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 55.86 60.25
225 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 43.62 59.75
226 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 50.72 59.65
227 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 69 59.28
228 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 67.6 58.78
229 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 68.34 58.33
230 Colorado State University (CSU), United States of America (USA) 59.45 58.2
231 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 54.7 57.93
232 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 52.98 57.82
233 University of Strasbourg, France 57.34 57.52
234 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 63.97 57.47
235 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 61.17 57.33
236 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 55.89 57.3
237 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 61.87 57.17
238 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 48.81 56.81
239 University of Helsinki, Finland 55.78 56.67
240 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 55.39 56.59
241 Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (ASCR), Czech Republic 60.45 56.44
242 Jülich Research Centre (FZJ), Germany 65.67 56.05
243 University of Bern, Switzerland 53.59 55.35
244 University of Vienna, Austria 54.22 54.78
245 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 42.42 54.12
246 University of Tsukuba, Japan 50.14 53.73
247 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 52.94 53.55
248 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 64.14 52.98
249 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 52.53 52.82
250 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 68.58 52.76
251 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 31.15 52.74
252 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 48.58 52.67
253 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 62.68 52.56
254 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 61 52.34
255 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 58.29 52.22
256 Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences (SIBS), CAS, China 51.44 52.09
257 German Electron Synchrotron (DESY), Germany 46.4 51.95
258 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 51.2 51.45
259 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 68.78 51.39
260 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 59.49 51.33
261 McMaster University, Canada 46.33 51.31
262 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 39.81 50.99
263 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 48.98 50.9
264 University of Bordeaux, France 47.49 50.87
265 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 56.5 50.76
266 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 66.14 50.68
267 Southeast University (SEU), China 30.94 50.45
268 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 37.51 49.69
269 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 39.07 49.39
270 University of Lyon, France 53.4 49.3
271 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 51.65 49.11
272 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 42.56 48.96
273 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 53.63 48.89
274 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 44.44 48.83
275 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 48.31 48.51
276 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 30.73 48.5
277 University at Buffalo (UB), The State University of New York, United States of America (USA) 49.01 48.42
278 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 38.55 48.37
279 Oregon State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 48.73 48.05
280 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 43.6 47.74
281 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 48.91 47.48
282 University of Stuttgart, Germany 52.29 47.43
283 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 35.39 47.32
284 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 49.29 46.88
285 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 54.44 46.52
286 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 62.32 46.48
287 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 59.72 46.35
288 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 44.58 46.24
289 Tongji University, China 40.83 46.03
290 Aalto University, Finland 44.84 45.95
291 University of Toulouse, France 49.85 45.8
292 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 31.74 45.77
293 Keio University, Japan 58.33 45.45
294 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 48.54 45.06
295 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 46.73 44.92
296 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 45.02 44.85
297 University of Missouri-Columbia (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 46.85 44.81
298 MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, United Kingdom (UK) 43.53 44.66
299 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 54.5 44.58
300 University of Colorado Denver | Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 43.37 44.33
301 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 43.03 44.03
302 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 48.8 43.95
303 Leipzig University, Germany 30.74 43.8
304 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 45.8 43.7
305 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), United States of America (USA) 49.41 43.64
306 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 46.67 43.14
307 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 52.4 43.05
308 Wayne State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 39.08 43.01
309 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 35.87 42.83
310 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 39.12 42.82
311 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 41.1 42.8
312 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 33.35 42.66
313 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 37.09 42.33
314 Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (SB RAS), Russia 38.64 41.93
315 Tianjin University (TJU), China 33.9 41.79
316 NIH National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), United States of America (USA) 44.63 41.69
317 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 50.83 41.55
318 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 49.26 41.4
319 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 53.93 41.26
320 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 38.78 41.18
321 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 46.99 41.02
322 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 34.62 40.87
323 National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), CSIR, India 30.15 40.85
324 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 41.15 40.76
325 Western University (UWO), Canada 49.65 40.73
326 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 46.22 40.72
327 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 46.58 40.31
328 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 41.86 40.23
329 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 32.76 39.97
330 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 41.22 39.88
331 University of Montpellier, France 43.78 39.72
332 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 38.17 39.69
333 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 32.12 39.56
334 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 43.09 39.41
335 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 35.49 39.38
336 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 44.43 39.3
337 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 28.42 39.14
338 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 44.53 39.01
339 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 21.85 38.93
340 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 46.55 38.66
341 Istituto Di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS), Italy 43.66 38.5
342 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 35.26 38.37
343 Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HIPS), CAS, China 19.97 38.22
344 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 37.88 38.13
345 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 35.6 37.84
346 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 31.43 37.72
347 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 42.98 37.72
348 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 36.82 37.38
349 Queen's University, Canada 31.35 37.23
350 The University of Dublin, Ireland 38.24 37.23
351 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 43.16 37.11
352 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 26.54 37.01
353 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 40.77 36.88
354 Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P), Germany 40.75 36.46
355 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 43.43 36.44
356 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 27.68 36.3
357 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 28.45 36.23
358 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 45.14 36.21
359 Dortmund University of Technology (TU Dortmund), Germany 26.03 36.09
360 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 26.76 35.92
361 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 39.39 35.9
362 Institute of Semiconductors (IOS), CAS, China 35.66 35.89
363 Laval University (UL), Canada 33.11 35.88
364 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 30.38 35.57
365 University of Konstanz, Germany 32.66 35.54
366 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 39.17 35.49
367 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 39.09 35.34
368 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 42.9 35.27
369 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 37.7 34.78
370 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 45.24 34.58
371 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 37.13 34.58
372 Chiba University, Japan 36.84 34.56
373 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 28.98 34.54
374 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 29.1 34.17
375 Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry (MPIBC), Germany 31.73 34.16
376 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 38.46 34.14
377 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 37.83 34.13
378 Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF), Germany 32.65 33.98
379 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 42.77 33.88
380 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 48.29 33.82
381 University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 34.14 33.77
382 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 49.37 33.68
383 Nanoscale Materials Division (MANA), NIMS, Japan 33.58 33.54
384 University of Hannover (LUH), Germany 29.31 33.51
385 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 19.04 33.21
386 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 36.22 33.06
387 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 38.75 33.01
388 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 35.97 33.01
389 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 28.94 32.72
390 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 36.22 32.58
391 Darmstadt University of Technology (TU Darmstadt), Germany 29.93 32.55
392 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 48.78 32.52
393 NIH National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), United States of America (USA) 43.06 32.48
394 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 34.97 32.41
395 Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ), BIST, Spain 35.03 32.24
396 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 32.43 32.22
397 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 24.74 32
398 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 36.51 31.97
399 Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry (TIPC), CAS, China 29.11 31.87
400 Shanghai University (SHU), China 16.49 31.87
401 Stanford Health Care, United States of America (USA) 35.51 31.84
402 Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO), BIST, Spain 28.6 31.8
403 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 32.72 31.77
404 Stanford Children's Health, United States of America (USA) 34.46 31.77
405 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 20.11 31.35
406 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 27.37 31.26
407 Ulm University, Germany 38.95 31.1
408 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 38.8 31.07
409 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 31.33 30.97
410 University of Sussex (US), United Kingdom (UK) 27.09 30.8
411 University of Rostock, Germany 38.13 30.63
412 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 23.45 30.34
413 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 35.65 30.02
414 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 35.46 29.99
415 University of Kaiserslautern (TU Kaiserslautern), Germany 34.71 29.93
416 Pasteur Institute, France 39.32 29.78
417 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 31.01 29.72
418 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 23.45 29.67
419 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 54.74 29.64
420 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 25.79 29.48
421 Wageningen UR (University & Research Centre), Netherlands 27.49 29.41
422 Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica (SIMM), CAS, China 27.48 29.39
423 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 28.22 29.19
424 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 26.13 29.13
425 Dalhousie University, Canada 26.4 29.12
426 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 27.3 29.07
427 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 28.55 29.04
428 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 14.51 28.88
429 Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Germany 21.88 28.77
430 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 28.19 28.73
431 Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics (MPIK), Germany 35.48 28.65
432 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 30.26 28.48
433 NIH National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), United States of America (USA) 37.61 28.42
434 RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science (CEMS), Japan 18.86 28.41
435 German Cancer Research Center in the Helmholtz Association (DKFZ), Germany 30.53 28.38
436 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 33.97 28.34
437 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 31.18 28.25
438 Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP), CAS, China 32.77 28.05
439 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 24.8 28.01
440 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 44.45 28
441 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 28.64 27.94
442 Shanghai Institute of Ceramics (SICCAS), CAS, China 23.76 27.92
443 Catholic University of Louvain (UCL), Belgium 26.94 27.89
444 University of Otago, New Zealand 26.58 27.89
445 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 36.46 27.51
446 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 32.75 27.5
447 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM), United States of America (USA) 20.53 27.43
448 Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 23.21 27.43
449 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 29.82 27.36
450 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 31.61 27.35
451 French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), France 21.04 27.27
452 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 27.87 27.27
453 Max Planck Institute for Coal Research (MPIKOFO), Germany 34.28 27.19
454 Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research (IFW Dresden), Germany 35.46 27.09
455 Tokyo University of Science (TUS), Japan 24.75 27.04
456 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 26 27.02
457 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 33.22 26.77
458 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 30.6 26.7
459 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 26.86 26.69
460 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 34.03 26.54
461 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 24.86 26.52
462 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 22.11 26.34
463 International School for Advanced Studies (ISAS), Italy 24.06 26.32
464 Northwest University (NWU), China 12.04 26.26
465 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 30.86 26.07
466 EMBL - Heidelberg, Germany, Germany 29.5 25.97
467 University of Louisville (UofL), United States of America (USA) 15.96 25.68
468 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 23.78 25.54
469 The University of Alabama (UA), United States of America (USA) 17.48 25.53
470 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 21.67 25.45
471 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 18.54 25.43
472 Samsung Group, South Korea 43.55 25.23
473 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 34.28 24.96
474 Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP), Germany 36.24 24.9
475 École Polytechnique, France 28.28 24.85
476 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 20.1 24.83
477 Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics (SINANO), CAS, China 25.4 24.79
478 University of Potsdam, Germany 26.92 24.74
479 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 24.5 24.63
480 Institute of Theoretical Physics (ITP), CAS, China 24.03 24.56
481 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 15.41 24.5
482 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 36.28 24.32
483 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 26.4 24.26
484 Okayama University, Japan 26.73 24.16
485 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 28.77 24.13
486 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 19.84 24.04
487 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 31.55 23.98
488 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 32.93 23.85
489 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 17.01 23.79
490 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 41.01 23.75
491 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 21.99 23.7
492 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 13.77 23.58
493 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 14.05 23.56
494 Bielefeld University, Germany 20.52 23.53
495 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 24.87 23.47
496 Osaka Prefecture University (OPU), Japan 22.41 23.42
497 Beihang University (BUAA), China 17.68 23.38
498 Braunschweig University of Technology (TU Braunschweig), Germany 22.11 23.37
499 University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina 25.66 23.32
500 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 25.32 23.3

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 28 November 2016 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

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