2015 tables: Countries

Table criteria

The 2015 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2014.

2014 Country WFC 2013 WFC 2014
1 United States of America (USA) 18609.34 18008.35
2 China 5205.59 6183.93
3 Germany 4080.78 4055.92
4 United Kingdom (UK) 3277.36 3284.89
5 Japan 3367.28 3221.97
6 France 2236.99 2237.79
7 Canada 1483.54 1501.97
8 Switzerland 1169.02 1300.14
9 South Korea 1150.53 1182.43
10 Spain 1178.2 1099.68
11 Italy 1080.01 1054.25
12 Australia 936.09 960.03
13 India 850.99 937.53
14 Netherlands 761.19 762.62
15 Singapore 483.25 528.79
16 Sweden 497.01 516.78
17 Israel 474.14 495
18 Taiwan 542.23 488.53
19 Russia 345.49 372.94
20 Belgium 327.18 351.65
21 Denmark 296.75 321.65
22 Austria 279.96 319.88
23 Brazil 233.72 237.46
24 Poland 216.64 210.54
25 Finland 191.91 196.48
26 Norway 122.68 150.09
27 Czech Republic 118.68 126.51
28 Portugal 123.54 117.93
29 Ireland 116.83 117.75
30 Argentina 105.6 99.07
31 New Zealand 117.58 96.37
32 Chile 75.43 95.17
33 Greece 90.16 91.63
34 Mexico 77.24 84.29
35 South Africa 81.61 81.7
36 Turkey 59.07 80.32
37 Hungary 54.92 79.2
38 Saudi Arabia 76.61 77.36
39 Iran 58.55 68.88
40 Ukraine 28.58 37.07
41 Slovenia 43.2 36.4
42 Thailand 26.07 22.76
43 Estonia 13.24 22.32
44 Romania 17.46 21.48
45 Croatia 21.86 17.57
46 Serbia 13.95 17
47 Malaysia 14.14 16.87
48 Lithuania 11.26 16.86
49 Egypt 12.04 14.34
50 Slovakia 12.57 14.19

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The tables were last updated on 28 November 2016 with the most recent institution and article corrections.

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